The Indian Administrative Service or the IAS is the most valuable among all India services. It is the premier civil service of India along with the Indian Police Service and Indian Forest Service. The members of these services serve the individual states and also the government. At the time when east India company occupied India, the civil services were of three types – Covenanted, Uncovenanted and Special Civil Services. Later when the Parliament of the United Kingdom passed a new act “Government of India Act 1919”, the Indian civil services were divided into two – All India Services and The Central Services. Soon after in 1947, when the British government departed and the partition of India came along, the Indian Civil Service was split between India and Pakistan. The remaining Indian of the ICS was known as Indian Administrative Service (IAS). Under article 312 in All India Services Act, 1951 and XIV part of the Constitution of India, The Modern Indian Administrative Service was formed.
One among the elite IAS officers is Usha Padhee. She is the 1996 – Batch IAS officer of Odisha cadre. She served as The Chairperson and Managing Director of Pawan Hans Limited. She is the first woman Chairperson and Managing Director at Miniratna Helicopter Service company. She then served as the project director of District Rural Development Agency, Kalahandi, and later as the project director of District Magistrate of Balangir. She served as the Collector and District Magistrate of Nabarangpur, Koraput, and Dhenkanal Districts. She was appointed as the Joint Secretary in the Ministry of Civil Aviation (MoCA) in 2015.
Usha Padhee always aspired to ‘be the change’. She solely believes in Gandhi Ji’s Talisman. She was born on June 1st, 1969, she is 50 years old. Her place of domicile is Karnataka, her mother tongue is Kannada. She speaks two languages which are English and Kannada. She was a Bachelor of Engineering (Civil) and completed her Masters in Public Administration (MPA) from the University of Birmingham in the United Kingdom in 2010. She was also commissioner cum Secretary in the School and Mass Education Department of Government of Odisha. She is highly experienced in administration, public policy, management, and training and research. She also visited the UK along with her husband Arvind Padhee for a short training program. It was held at Cambridge University. Padhee visited the British Parliament as well, from the visitor’s gallery they watched the proceedings of the Upper House. She along with her husband met the NRI businessman and Parliament Lord Paul who even in a tweet said “Nice to meet IAS delegates at House of Lord’s today. Very bright people and India can be proud of them”.She took advantage of the opportunity of their London visit to meet painterPrafulla Mohanti who lives in London over the last 56 years and they were privileged enough to meet Lord Eatwell who is a well known British Economist and Academic.
There are three methods of recruitment into the Indian Administrative Service.
1) Officers may be recruited through civil services examinations which are held by the Union Public Service Commission (UPSC). The officers recruited through this process is called “Direct Recruits”.
2) Some officers may be recruited from the state civil services.
3)Rarely some are recruited from non-state civil services. The ratio is fixed at 2:1 in between direct recruits and promotees. Regardless all IAS officers are appointed by the President of India irrespective of their mode of entry. Out of one million applicants, only about 180 candidates are successful who apply through CSE. The success rate is less than 0.01 percent. The members of the service are mostly referred to as “heaven-born” as a result of success. An IAS candidate is ineligible to retake CSE, unlike candidates appointed to other services. An IAS candidate was supposed to submit two additional papers from 1951 to 1979 for being eligible for the Indian Administrative Service.
The main responsibilities of IAS officers are:
- Collection of revenue and also functions as court officials in matters of crime and revenue.
- Maintain law and order.
- Implementation of union and state government policies.
- To become an agent of the government between the public and government.
- Handling of the administration.
- Contribution to policy formulation.
- To make a certain decision in a few matters with the agreement of the council of ministers.
- Function as Executive Magistrate.
- Function as Chief Development Officer.
- Supervision of expenditure of public funds.
- They make their contributions and give final shape and outcome to policies.
- Handling daily affairs including framing of policy in consultation along with the minister in charge of the responsible ministry.
There are several issues in our country where the basic needs of most people are lacking. Imagine how beautiful it would be to be responsible for health facilities, transportation facilities, educational institutions, nutrition, dignity, and respect into the lives of these poor citizens of India. Usha Padhee is the flying woman who inspires all the females to educate themselves and overcome one’s fear of being backward and dominance. In my opinion, anyone can clear Indian Administrative Service who works hard towards it. The only required importance is to analyze and understand the requirements of the exam and study accordingly. It requires guidance from experienced people. Taking help and inspiration will increase the chances of candidates to crack the Indian Administrative Service exam in the first place.