Bengaluru, April 13, 2021: Ugadi celebrates the New Year in Karnataka. It is known to be as one of the major festivals and is celebrated by the natives of the southern part of the country including states like Karnataka, Telangana, Andhra Pradesh.
Ugadi is celebrated across Andhra Pradesh
When the word ‘Ugadi’ is split, it is a result of two words: ‘Yuga’ that means ‘age’ in Sanskrit and ‘Adi’ that means ‘beginning in both Sanskrit and Kannada.Ugadi is considered as the first month of New Year. It is also known as to be “Gudi Padwa” by Maharashtrians and Konkan. Ugadi is also known as Chandramana Ugadi.
Ugadi begins on first new moon
The date of Ugadi is based on calculations of the position of the moon dating back to 12th century. Ugadi begins on the first new moon. Ugadi is celebrated the next morning as an Indian day starts from sunrise. This festival falls on the Chaitra month and it falls mostly in April or March as per the Gregorian calendar.
It is believed, on this day Lord Brahma created the universe.
Hence, this is considered the first day of New Year. According to mythology, there was a devil named Somakasura who stole the vedas from Lord Brahma and hid it under the sea. With the help of Lord Vishnu, Lord Brahma is able to get back the Vedas. Lord Vishnu takes the form of “Macha Avatharam”, which is one of the 10 incarnations of Vishnu and kill the demon.
Later, Brahma started creating the world on Ugadi.
Also Read: Happy Ugadi 2021: Wishes, Messages, Quotes, Images, Greetings, Facebook & Whatsapp Status
Significance of it
Prior to Ugadi, people clean their homes and decorate prayer room in their homes with mango leaves and jasmine flowers.
On this auspicious day people wake up before dawn and have a ceremonial oil bath in sesame oil.
People adorn themselves in new clothes and gather together to pray. People visit temple to give offerings to deities and to seek blessings. An important aspect of the occasion is the Panchanga Shravanam or hearing of the Panchanga. It is read by the priests at the temples or by the eldest member of the family at home.
Prayers are offered to the Sun God before consuming Bevu Bella, a dish that holds much significance of this celebrations. The underlying message of Ugadi Pachadi is, people have to face different situations and different emotional aspect. Emotions that make an individual sad, depressed needs to be faced too as one would face happy emotions.
Ugadi Pachidi welcomes the different tastes of life. It is a mixture of different ingredients. And each one is associated with a specific meaning.
Jaggery and ripe banana is associated with happiness, Neem buds is related to sadness for its bitter flavour, green chilli is based on emotion of anger due to its fire hot flavour, Raw mango induces surprises for its tart flavour and disgust is reflected by tamarind juice for its sourness.
Salt is for a salty taste which symbolises the interest in life. This sums up the significance of “Ugadi Pachadi”.
No festival is complete without the mouth-watering delicacies. On this auspicious occasion, Kannada households make dishes like Mavinakayi Chitranna(Mango Rice), Bele Holige/ Bele Obbattu – (Stuffed Sweet Roti) and Kosambari – (A Crunchy, Tangy Vegetables and Pulses Salad).