April 8, 2021: The group of the people with the same political ideology makes a party. But there are some provisions regarding parties which would help us differentiate between state and national political party.
Differences between a state and national political party
|State political party||National Political Party|
|A party that secures at least 6% of the total votes in an election to the Legislative Assembly of a state and wins at least 2 seats is recognised as a regional party/state party.||A party that secures at least 6% of total votes in Lok Sabha elections or Assembly elections in four states and wins at least four seats in the Lok Sabha is recognised as a national party.|
|Regional parties will have influence in less than three states.||National parties will have influence in more than three states.|
|These parties raise issues of regional importance. For example: Samajwadi Party, Samta Party, Rashtriya Janata Dal, DMK, AIADMK , BJD .||These parties raise issues of national importance. For example: INC, BJP, BSP, CPI-M, CPI and NCP.|
National political party
A national party is recognised by the union Election Commission and it should have a minimum 6% of vote share at least in 4 States. Is the party suit representative in the Parliament at least three percent of total available seats in Lok Sabha. After getting recognition as a national party with the election commissioner the election commissioner with allots them a symbol.
The internal democracy and election should be in a specific period and the income and expenditure should be filed with the election commission regularly.
The regional party local parties within the state and it should be registered at the state election commission and state election commission allows his symbol from a prescribed list to the party. The regional party has no limits of percentage of votes and they can work within the state.
But they should be regular elections of office bearers of the party in a democratic way. The income and expenditure of political parties should be submitted at the state election commission on a regular basis.
State and National political party
If a political party is treated as a recognised political party in four or more States, it shall be known as a ‘National Party’ throughout the whole of India, but only so long as that political party continues to fulfill thereafter the conditions for recognition in four or more States on the results of any subsequent general election either to the House of the People or to the Legislative Assembly of any State.
If a political party is treated as a recognised political party in less than four States, it should be known as a ‘State Party’ in the State or States in which it is so recognised, but only so long as that political party continues to fulfill thereafter the conditions for recognition on the results of any subsequent general election to the House of the People or, as the case may be, to the Legislative Assembly of the State, in the said State or States.