June 20, 2021: Launched by the Ministry of Human Resources Development in April 2019, SHREYAS (Scheme for Higher Education Youth in Apprenticeship and Skills) provides industry apprenticeship opportunities to the general graduates through the National Apprenticeship Promotional Scheme (NAPS).
Know about SHREYAS
SHREYAS is a programme basket comprising the initiatives of three Central Ministries, namely the Ministry of Human Resource Development, Ministry of Skill Development & Entrepreneurship and the Ministry of Labour & Employment viz the National Apprenticeship Promotion Scheme (NAPS), the National Career Service (NCS) and introduction of BA/BSc/BCom (Professional) courses in the higher educational institutions. SHREYAS was launched with a vision to aid the students in degree courses, especially non-technical by introducing employable skills into their learning, promoting apprenticeship as integral to education and also amalgamating employment facilitating efforts of the government into the education system.
This ensures a stable and smooth pathway towards employment opportunities, available to students during and after their graduation by providing ‘on the job work exposure’ and earning of stipend.
The goals of initiative SHREYAS
Below are listed some of the main goals of SHREYAS:
1. To improve employability of students by introducing employment relevance into the learning process of the higher education system.
2. To forge a close functional link between education and industry/service sectors on a sustainable basis.
3. To provide skills which are in demand, to the students in a dynamic manner.
4. To establish an ‘earn while you learn’ system into higher education.
5. To help business/industry in securing good quality manpower.
6. To link student community with employment facilitating efforts of the government.
Operation of the scheme:
Operating in conjunction with National Apprenticeship Promotion Scheme (NAPS) which provides for placing of apprentices upto 10% of the total work force in every business/industry, the primary scheme promises the attainment of set goals.
The scheme will be implemented by the Sector Skill Councils (SSCs), initially the Banking Finance Insurance Services (BFSI), Retail, Health care, Telecom, Logistics, Media, Management services, ITeS and Apparel. More sectors would be added over time with emerging apprenticeship demand and curriculum adjustments.
The programme encompasses forging forward in the apprenticeship sector along three tracks.
Track 1: Add-on apprenticeship (Degree apprenticeship):
This pertains to the students who are currently completing the degree programme. They will be invited to choose a job role of their choice from a selected list of apprenticeship job roles given by the Sector Skill Councils of the MoSDE. Tenure of the apprenticeship programme is normally about (6) months and would be prefixed by basic training regarding the sector (theory). The programme is subject to commence immediately after completion of the degree programme (Starting from May each year). During the apprenticeship period, the student would get a monthly stipend of about Rs. 6,000 per month by the industry. As the close of the intern period comes nearer, there is an assessment to be conducted by the Sector Skill Council concerned and successful students would get skills certificate in addition to their degree certificate.
Track 2: – Embedded Apprenticeship
This approach entails, the existing B.Voc programmes to be restructured into B.A (Professional), B.Sc (Professional) or B.Com (Professional) courses – which would include not only educational input, vocational input, but also a mandatory apprenticeship ranging from 6 to 10 months depending on the requirement of the skill. For example, a BBA course in Logistics would have one semester of classroom teaching and the next one as apprenticeship. Alternatively, one full semester of an existing degree or B.Voc course would be dedicated to apprenticeship with industry.
For this apprenticeship period too, the student would get a monthly stipend of about Rs. 6,000 per month by the industry, 25% of which would be reimbursed under the NAPS programme. The closure of the term follows the same procedure as in the first track and the successful candidates thereafter receive skill certificates in addition to degree certificates.
The process of embedding apprenticeship & skill content into them, or modify the curriculum of existing degree courses to reduce classroom content and incorporate basic skill training with apprenticeship is currently underway with participation of the Sector Skill Councils and it is expected that these courses would be launched from academic year 2018-19.
Track 3: Linking National Career Service with Colleges:
In this approach, the National Career Service (NCS) portal of Ministry of Labour& Employment would be linked with the Higher Education institutions. In the recent times, more than 9,000 employers have posted requirement of more than 2 lakh vacancies, for which the students can get considered. This would help students in institutions which do not have the facility of campus recruitment and would improve their employment opportunities. Apart from this, the students would be trained in soft skills required by the market.
The scheme is supposed to be operationalised by coordination of Ministry of Skills Development and Entrepreneurship (MSDE) and the Ministry of Labour. The focus of operation would be as given below:
The Sector Skill Councils (SSCs) have identified more than 100 areas where they would be able to find apprenticeship opportunities. They along with the colleges concerned (with the help of their placement cells), would identify the industries where the apprenticeships would be provided.
Higher Educational Institutions can log-into the SHREYAS portal and express their interest in the skill areas, along with the expected number of students who are expected to opt for it.
This demand would be scrutinised by the SSC concerned, who would confirm on portal, the positions available.
Based on this confirmation, the HEI would upload the names of the students on the SHREYAS portal.
The NAPS would thereupon generate the Contract between the industry and the student.
After this, the monthly stipend would be paid by the industry, and 25% of this would be reimbursed by NAPS portal subject to a maximum of Rs 1,500 per month.
The SSC would monitor the progress and would conduct the examination at the end of the apprenticeship period, and would give certificate to the successful candidates. These certificates are valid throughout India for seeking employment.
In accordance to the the NAPS scheme, Central Government shares 25% of the stipend per month subject to a maximum of Rs.1500 p.m during the period of the apprenticeship. Apart from that, an amount upto Rs.7500 will be met towards basic training cost, where needed.
In all the tracks together, it is proposed to cover 50 lakh students by 2022.
Also read: Pension under MadhuBabu scheme: Covid-19 widows, orphans to receive pension in 15 days in Odisha
Significance of the scheme
Education with skill development is the need of the hour and the initiative SHREYAS will prove highly effective in this direction to make degree students more skilled, recruit-worthy and aligned to the needs of our economy, promising their contribution to country’s progress, obtain gainful employment and with the country will solve much of its growing unemployment concerns.