Loved for their splendidness and essence, flowers are the most beautiful gift from mother nature to mankind. They not only possess magnificent smell and exotic charms; some rare flowers in India are also known to have been beneficial enough on medicinal grounds.
In India, flowers are pious, and people offer them to god in reverence.
There are about 4,00,000 flowering plant species in the entire world. There are over 18,000 species of flowering plants in India, which constitute some 6-7 percent of the total plant species in the world. India is home to more than 50,000 species of plants, including a variety of endemics.
We have all seen and we all know about a lot of flowers in India, such as the very famous roses or lesser-known orchids, but do you know that there are many rare flowers that are completely unique in their appearance.
Since everyone is familiar with the most common flowers, let’s have a look at 15 rare flowers in India that are not so well known, and not many people know about them in the country.
15 rare Indian flowers
The Flame lily has petals that resemble the flames. Growing on an herbaceous perennial, the flame lily has wavy petals with orange, red to hot pink hues with a yellow base.
Its flower consists of alternately arranged six petals that have an outer turning tendency.
The glory of this flower has been written in many ayurvedic verses, including Charaka Samhita, and is said to treat inflammation, skin disorders, arthritis, wounds, and itching.
It has been ranked first in the list of commercially cultivated medicinal plants, for more than 25 years, therefore it is fondly known as ‘money-spinner’ among the farmers!
A rare endangered medicinal plant, which was thought to be extinct, has been rediscovered after 115 years by a team of botanists in the Upper Subansiri district of Arunachal Pradesh.
The last seen rebe in 1890 was found growing in the wild in Upper Subansiri and Namdapha National Park in Arunachal Pradesh as per the Botanical Survey India (BSI) scientists, Kumar Ambarish and M. Amaduddin.
The plant is used by local Adi and Tagin tribes known as Bakchurbu and Rebbe respectively to treat stomach ache and dehydration. It is one of the rare and beautiful flowers found in India.
MAGENTA GHOST FLOWER
Magenta Ghost Flower is a rare endemic parasitic plant, which was rediscovered in 2003, after 90 years in the Indira Gandhi Wildlife Sanctuary at the Anamalais, near Pollachi.
It belongs to the same family as the more common Forest Ghost Flower. The flowers are attractive, tubular, with magenta colour on the outer portion of the petals. The stigma is whitish and prominent, and the corolla throat is showy with yellow coloration. The herb lacks chlorophyll and is parasitic on grasses. It is endemic to southern India, where it occurs only at an altitude of 900-1200 metres and was first discovered by Robert Wight in 1835.
The genus was named after Sir Robert Christison, Professor of Medicine at Edinburgh.
Siroi lily is a rare species that is only found in Manipur Siroi hill ranges. The flowers have a lovely shade and have pale bluish-pink petals that give them exquisite touch.
The flowers usually have seven colors, which can only be observed under a microscope. They bloom only during the monsoon. The plant can grow up to 1-3 feet with one to seven flowers. The intriguing fact about the flowers is that they can only be found in the upper reaches of Siroi hills and nowhere else.
Siroi Lily also won the merit prize at a flower show organized by the Royal Horticultural Society in 1948. The flower symbolizes the beauty and modesty of a young girl.
QUEEN OF THE NIGHT
These are night bloomers and consist of trumpet-shaped flowers that consist of waxy petals in a cream color. Their charm is at the peak during night time when they release magnificently sweet fragrance in the surroundings to invite pollinators.
It got its name because it blooms only once a year, for a single night. It’s a type of cactus, native to Central and South America, where it’s also known as the Vanilla Cactus, thanks to its lovely scent.
Jade vine flower is famous for its turquoise beauty, due to the presence of malvin and saponarin pigments.
Endemic to the Philippines, the flower is declining rapidly due to the reduction in the numbers of natural pollinators like bats.
CANDY CANE SORREL
As the name suggests, this flower is of milky white color, but the edgings have crimson red color, giving it a candy-cane like appearance.
Native to South Africa, these trumpet-shaped flowers open during springtime or even in winters in some regions. Its buds close during cold weather and night time.
The Indian lotus or sacred lotus is an aquatic plant and is also the national flower of India. Aquatic plant cultivation is commonly used in water gardens, which are used exclusively for ornamental purposes but lotus rhizomes are used as a vegetable in India.
The tuberose flower is mostly used as a note in perfumes and smells good at night, hence known as Rajnigandha or Nishigandha in India. The tuber is a night-blooming plant, it can be grown in earthen pots or planted directly in the ground.
Tuberose essential oil acts as an antidepressant, which provides calming relief in stressful situations. It is a hypnotic and sedative oil that can help relieve nervousness and physical stress.
The Palash tree is a medium-sized tree, which has floral colours, giving it the name ‘Flame Tree’. Tourists can visit in full bloom during January to March, especially in the state of Jharkhand, which is claimed to be the state flower.
The tree itself is associated with many myths and religious celebrations.
Some uses include colour powder for the celebration of Holi. Every part of this tree can be used from leaves to the gum. Alternative medicine in Unani, homeopathy and Ayurveda uses it as a medicine for analgesic and antifertility properties.
The yellow-orange flower of Impatiens monticola looks similar to Impatiens mengtszeana. It can rarely be seen in various parts of Manipur as well. This flower grows in the form of clusters on the upper leaf axils with lance-shape green bracts at the base.
Kaka beak (Clianthus) is a member of the legume family and got its name from the shape of its flowers, which resemble the beaks of the New Zealand Kākā parrot.
The petals have thin dark- purple margins with a set of white stamens in the center. This flower also comes in the orange-yellow shade. Flowering during spring to summers, this rare flower is native to some southern parts of India.
YELLOW GHOST ORCHID
It can be found in Southern India and the eastern Himalayas. The yellow ghost orchid has an unpredictable emergence. It has thin bracts and long tendrils at its lower petals that bend in a manner giving it an amusing visual.
LONG FLOWERED SPIDER LILY
The lily has six lobes with a slight green hint at the center. These petals in a milky white shade are comparatively narrow and curled outward. Also, the multitude of yellow pollen at its center complements well with the white petals.