April 12, 2021: Ramadan is the ninth month in the Islamic calendar which is observed religiously by all Muslims around the world. It is a month of fasting which is called as sawm, reflection, prayer, and community. Ramadan is a commemoration of Muhammad’s first revelation and is regarded as one of the Five Pillars of Islam. It lasts around 29 to 30 days and is marked from one sighting of the crescent moon to the next one.
Ramadan is known by different names worldwide, such as Ramzan, Ramathan, Ramazan.
The Ramadan month
Fasting called as zakat, sadaqah meaning giving alms, commemorating the nights of al-Qadr, reading the holy Quran and abstaining from all bad/wrong deeds while staying humble and doing taraweeh prayer which is mostly done by Sunni Muslims are some of the major observances of this.
Ramadan begins on the last night of the month of Sha’ban and ends at the last night of the month of Ramadan.
This year Ramadan is beginning on Tuesday, April 13, and will go on till May 12. Ramadan is also related to Laylat al-Qadr and Eid al-Fitr.
The observances on Ramadan
During the holy month of Ramadan, fasting from sunrise to sunset is obligatory (also called fard) for all adult Muslims. All adult Muslims who are not elderly, travelling, chronically or acutely ill, diabetic, menstruating, or breastfeeding are supposed to keep their fasts during this.
The meal done before dawn is called suhur, and the heavy meal at night which is done to break the fast is known as iftar. Even though various fatwas have been issued announcing that Muslims residing in regions with a midnight sun or polar night are ought to follow the timetable of Mecca, yet it is a common practice for all Muslims to follow the timetable of the closest country in which the night can be distinguished from day.
The rewards of fasting
The major spiritual rewards of fasting which are called thawab are believed to be multiplied immensely during this month. Consequently, all Muslims over the world, refrain themselves from consuming not only food and drinks during their fasts but also from sexual relations, products containing tobacco as well as any kind or form of sinful behavior. They devote themselves to their prayer called as salat along with the recitation of the Quran.
The Utkal Today Team wishes you and all your loved ones a very happy, prospering and auspicious Ramadan! 😊