Bhubaneswar, April 15: Odisha Biofloc Fish Farming Scheme has been launched by the Naveen Patnaik government to promote intensive aquatic aquaculture through the introduction of bio-floc technology.
Through this scheme, farmers doing small area aquaculture will be encouraged to cultivate high yielding intensive fish.
Odisha Biofloc Fish Farming Scheme introduced
Odisha Biofloc Fish Farming Scheme was introduced with the aim to boost employment opportunities, which was hampered due to the Covid-19 crisis.
Biofloc-based farming was meant for intensive fish/ shrimp production and it looks a good earning-strategy as it doesn’t need a large space, and can be done with basic natural resources like water and land.
The initiative would not only provide livelihood support to entrepreneurs, unemployed youth and interested progressive fish farmers but will also increase fish production in the state.
This programme aims to support fish farmers and young entrepreneurs for generation of income and livelihood support, said fisheries and snimal resources minister Arun Kumar Sahoo.
Objective of Odisha Biofloc Fish Farming Scheme
Odisha Biofloc Fish Farming Scheme for intensive shrimp and fish farming is a new technology for promotion of intensive fish/ shrimp production in a limited area without significantly increasing the usage of the basic natural resources of water and land.
Person having small land holding and having either municipal piped water supply or bore well water supply can establish this business with small investment. This programme aims to support fish farmers/young entrepreneurs including migrant farmers affected due to COVID-19 for generation of income and livelihood support.
To promote high-yielding intensive fish farming in small area using Bio-floc technology. · To encourage farmers, entrepreneurs and unemployed youth in to income generation through small-scale Bio-floc farming system.
Eligibility criteria for this programme
Freshwater fishermen, saltwater shrimp farmers, fish and shrimp hatchery operators, private entrepreneurs can avail financial assistance by availing the scheme. More priority will be given to educated farmers who will have some knowledge in this field.
Support will be provided in the form of bank-ended assistance for installation of bio-floc system.
Applicants should have a license related to the Coastal Aquaculture Authority with saltwater shrimp farm / nursery and seed tank / hatchery beneficiaries.
Advantages of the programme
Biofloc is a technology using which one can produce fishes significantly in large quantities but in small amount of water as compared to the traditional form of aquaculture in large ponds. One advantage is everything is under the control as it is a bio-secured system.
It is easy to monitor the fish movement, their behaviour and abnormalities as they will remain within a tank which in turn will facilitate taking the corrective measures immediately.
One of the major advantages of this technology is it saves water since a large number of fish will be produced in a comparatively lesser volume of water.
The unit cost for installation of a Bio-floc unit of 2 tanks is Rs.1.50 lakh, while a Biofloc unit of 6 tanks costs approximately Rs.4.00 lakh.
Introducing the scheme, the State Government provides a subsidy of 40% subsidy while 60% subsidy is provided to SC&ST Beneficiaries. This new and emerging technology will provide an accelerated boost to the fish production of the state and encourage small land holders and entrepreneurs to take up fish farming in the state.
The price of a particular fish species also matters.Fishes like Rohu, Katla and Bhakur cannot grow in these tanks. In this process growing the fishes commercially may not be profitable as growing large fishes in small tanks are not feasible, they need space.
This is a big drawback. A farmer needs to develop a good marketing value chain to sell the products.
And another big problem in Odisha is large scale availability of fish seed.
And also, the survival rate of such large fishes in a tank is very low as the fishes might get injured at times.