There are seven major mountain ranges of India that provide you the luxury of peace and tranquillity.
Mountains are the beauty that makes poets bow down to them. The mountain ranges of India rise and erupt our minds with their picturesque landscapes.
But did you know that it takes 10 million years for these mountain ranges to rise? And it only takes you a few hours to avail yourself of their scenic beauty that calms your nerves.
Mountain Ranges of India
The name Himalayas comes from the Sanskrit words hima – laya, meaning abode of snow. The world’s highest mountain range the Himalayas spans five countries including India.
The Indian Himalayas is the spiritual home to three religions – Hinduism, Buddhism, and Islam.
Himalayas are the most accessible way to discover the greatest mountains of the world while also having time to enjoy the multicultural aspects of India.
The Himalayas offer a wide range of experiences. It hosts spiritual pilgrimages, wildlife, Himalayan valleys and tiny mountain communities around Shimla.
You can take a heritage train ride or take a hot spring bath. Go hiking and wild camping in the foothills of the mountain.
Every season is different in the Himalayas but the best time to visit is from March to November.
Karakoram and Pir Panjal range
Karakoram range and Pir Panjal range lie to the north west and South of Himalayan range.
Spreading over Kashmir and northern Pakistan, the Western Himalayas system splits into three distinctive ranges, which are Pir Panjal range, Zaskar range and Ladakh Range. Further north is the Karakoram range which is a separate system adjoining the Himalayas.
This mountain range not only spans across Pakistan, India and China, but also extends to Afghanistan and Tajikistan.
Travelling to Karakorum will make you feel as if you are entering a different world.
This range hosts beauty and nature. Himalayan Mountains, Hindu Kush and Pamir mountains are part of this range.
This range is also known as lower Himalayas rivers like Ravi, Chenab and Jhelum flow through this range full stop the city of Gulmarg which is an important hill station also lies here. The best time to visit this range is from May to October as the temperature during this period remains suitable.
The Purvanchal range
The Himalayas bend sharply to the south beyond the Diag River George and move outwards to form a covering the eastern boundary of the country, they are known as eastern or Purvanchal Hills.
Covering an area of about 94800 km square with the 4 million population the Purvanchal range or eastern mountains are sub mountain ranges of the Himalayas.
Purvanchal, as the name itself suggests, is in the eastern frontier region of India surrounded by Bangladesh in South-west, Myanmar in South-east and China in north east.
This range covers all the eastern states of India, which are commonly known as Seven Sisters.
The deep valleys of steep slopes and conical peaks are prominent features of this range. The seven sisters possess so many secrets and attractions that it allows you to explore them.
Aravali mountain range
Aravali mountain range lies in northwestern India and it runs for about 692 km in the southwest direction starting from Delhi passing through the south in Haryana and Rajasthan and ending in Gujarat.
The highest peak of this range is Guru Shikhar Mount Abu in Rajasthan. Mount Abu is the only hill station in Rajasthan and is the major tourist attraction of India.
This range is rich in natural resources and serves as a check to growth of western desert. It gives rise to several rivers including Banas, Luni, Sakhi and Sabarmati.
Aravali offers you the beauty of deciduous forest and floral diversity. Travellers get to explore forests consisting of large areas of sand and stone and of masses of rose coloured quartzite.
Older than the Himalayan mountains, the mountain chain of Western Ghats represents the immense importance of biophysical and ecological processes.
The 1600m long chain of mountains runs parallel to India’s western coast. The Ghats travel through the states of Kerala, Tamil Nadu, Karnataka, Goa Maharashtra and Gujarat.
The Western Ghats is home to various birds, amphibians, fish species, reptiles, flora and fauna. This range is the best example of biological diversity. It is one of the world’s eight hottest hotspots of biological diversity.
Western Ghat is a region of global importance for conservation of biological diversity, culture and aesthetic values. The forests of Western Ghats will leave you mesmerized with its picture skew beauty which could be found nowhere else. Best time to visit Western Ghat is after October.
The Eastern Ghats run parallel to the Bay of Bengal in the eastern part of the Indian peninsula. This range is lower in elevation in comparison to Western Ghat. The Eastern Ghats traverse across Indian states of West Bengal, Odisha, Andhra Pradesh, and Tamil Nadu.
These ghats have some very important pilgrimage sites such as the Tirumala Venkateswara temple in Andhra Pradesh. This range offers unique insights to the Travellers such as coffee plantations and chain tribal enclaves and Pristine beaches. The Eastern Ghats offers travelers beautiful valleys and spiritual centers. This range remains unexplored and hence no wonder its pristine beauty is still untouched.
The best time to travel to Eastern Ghats is either summer or winter. As monsoon can cause bad roads.
The Vindhya range is in the West Central Indian subcontinent with geographical is separate Indian subcontinent into Northern India and Southern India. The Western end of this range is in the state of Gujarat near the border of Rajasthan and Madhya Pradesh.
Vindhyas has great significance in Indian history and mythology. In certain Puranas, the term Vindhaya specifically covers the mountain range located between the Narmada and Tapti river that is the one which is now known as Satpura Range. The Varaha purana uses the name Vindaya-pada (foot of the Vindhyas) for the Satpura Range.
If one travels to win there, they would find the essence of ancient Indian cultures history, mythology and spirituality. This range is not only famous for its tourist spots like Kanha National Park, Amarkantak and Omkareshwar temple but also for its age-old stories.
The best time to visit this range is during winters.
Mountain ranges of India brings your local traditions, culture, cuisine, adventures and a much needed break from your daily life. These mountains are not just about peaks but about exploring the multicultural side of India.
So, what are you waiting for? Plan out your next trip to these beautiful chains of mountains and make the best memories of your life.
Written By: Sriparna Das