In a recent study, around 215 percent increase in gross value of millet crops in Odisha produce per farmer household has been recorded and a sharp rise in the value of millet crops is seen.
According to NITI Aayog, following provisioning of better marketing and consumption platforms of the small-seeded cereals in the State, the growth was favorable.
The NITI Aayog study on millet crops in Odisha:
The study by NITI Aayog titled ‘Health and Nutrition, Practice Insight’ says there has been a 215 percent increase in gross value of millet produced per farmer household from Rs 3,957 to Rs 12,486 in Odisha.
NITI Aayog attributed the success of the millet mission to ragi procurement from local farmers at minimum support price, farmer registration, the establishment of district-wise storage godowns, and the streamline of the procurement system.
Millet crops in Odisha:
The Odisha state government had initiated the Odisha Millet Mission (OMM) for promoting millets (ragi) as a staple crop of the farming system in 2017.
Under the OMM mission, a strategy was devised to increase household consumption of millets by reviving its production is identified and selected areas and hence, improving their productivity.
Millet was included in the mid-day meal, Integrated Child Development Service, and Public Distribution System.
Initially, millet cultivation was started in 30 blocks in seven districts in 2017. In 2018, the cultivation was expanded to 55 blocks in 11 districts and 72 blocks in 14 districts in 2019.
In June 2020, another four blocks were added to the list.
“There has been an increase in area under millets cultivation from 2,949 hectares to 5,182 hectares (almost double) and increase in yield by 120% between 2016-17 to 2017-18,” says the apex policy think-tank of Centre.
Approximately, 26,495 farmers were registered under the OMM mission. Of them, almost 95 percent of millet was procured from farmers in 2019-20.
Owing to its higher nutritional value, 1 kg of rice has been substituted by ragi owing to its higher nutritional value in 14 districts that are procuring ragi. Under the PDS scheme, it was distributed at the rate of Rs1 per kg in six districts to 16,01,206 ration cardholders under the National Food Security Act.