Google is celebrating the 99th birth anniversary of Italian astrophysicist Margherita Hack, who was also an activist and author, with an animated doodle.
Google doodle on Italian astrophysicist Margherita Hack
Hack has been credited to have been able to discover asteroid 8558 Hack in the year 1995 which was named in her honour and she is called as “The Lady of the Stars.”
The animated doodle that is up on Google shows Hack looking into her telescope while sitting on a chair. While we can see the asteroid 8558 Hack rotating in the animated doodle.
Italian astrophysicist Margherita Hack
Hack was born on June 12, 1922 in Florence. She was a professor of astronomy at the University of Trieste.
It has been stated that she is the first Italian woman to administrate the Trieste Astronomical observatory from the year 1964 to 1987.
The scientific interests and research activity carried out by Hack covered a broad range of the subjects.
Her main field of expertise concerned the observation and interpretation of the spectroscopic characteristics of stars. Her research in this field basically involved the study of the chemical composition of stars and of their surface temperature and the gravity.
Back in 1970s she worked on the UV data from the Copernicus satellite. The purpose was to study the energetic phenomena that takes place in the external part of the stellar atmosphere and causes mass losses which need to be accounted for in the theoretical models of stellar evolution. In 1974, her first research article that was based on data from Copernicus was published in Nature.
What other things caught her interest?
Apart from science she was also actively engaged in education, outreach as well as politics. She was also an outspoken advocate for the progressive causes, animal protection and even towards the equality for all. In the year 2012 on June 12, she had received the title of “Dama di Gran Croce.” This is considered to be the highest honour of the Italian Republic.