Home Current Affairs Global Wind Day 2021: Top 5 countries with highest wind energy

Global Wind Day 2021: Top 5 countries with highest wind energy

Global Wind Day is organised by WindEurope and Global Wind Energy Council, as a day of discovering the possibilities of wind power. Wind power has become an important source of energy generation around the world, with global capacity reaching over 600GW in 2018. From offshore China to onshore Spain, wind power capacity is growing rapidly around the world.

June 15, 2021: World Wind Day or Global Wind Day is a worldwide event that is held every year on June 15. It is celebrated every year to educate people about wind energy, it’s power and the possibilities it holds to change the world.

The Global Wind Day is organized by WindEurope and Global Wind Energy Council.

Global Wind Day

vector-stock-photo
Image: Vector Stock

Global Wind Day is celebrated on June 15 as a day of discovering the possibilities of wind power, and it gives a chance to brainstorm ideas of reshaping energy systems and reducing carbon footprint.

The wind is now the cheapest form of energy and it’s used around most of Europe in the form of wind turbines.

Less money is spent on fossil fuels, as a result, reducing CO2 and clearing the air which reduces pollution in our cities.

This day is a brilliant way to celebrate the use of wind, all over the world, and to give children an understanding of how wind turbines work.

To also mark how important the weather is. You cannot see the wind but its speed and direction of the wind can be measured.

It is a day to discover the possibilities it holds to reshape our energy systems, decarbonise our economies and boost jobs and growth,” says the globalwindday.org.

Wind energy is one of the fastest-growing renewable energy sources in the world, according to the International Renewable Energy Agency (IRENA). Wind energy has many advantages: it is cost-effective, it is a source of clean fuel and it is inexhaustible. India has a coastline of about 7,600 km and has good prospects of harnessing offshore wind energy.

Events that happened on this Day

In 2011, there were events organised in 30 countries on 4 continents.

The events included visits to onshore and offshore wind farms, information campaigns, demonstration turbines being set up in cities, wind workshops and a wind parade.

In 2012, there were 250 events around the globe and a very popular photo competition.

The inaugural year of Wind Day was organised by EWEA. The main idea was to co-ordinate events organised by national wind energy associations and companies active in the wind energy field. Wind Day in 2007 reached 18 countries in Europe, with a participation of around 35,000 people.

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Image: Utkal Today

Global Wind Day: Top five countries with highest Wind Energy Capacity

The construction of new wind power varies year to year and by region; Europe, for example, saw a 32% reduction in wind capacity in 2018 compared with 2017.

Here are the top five countries that have installed the most wind energy capacity.

China – installed capacity 221GW

China is the world leader in wind energy, with over a third of the world’s capacity.

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Image: Wikipedia

It boasts the world’s largest onshore windfarm in Gansu Province, which currently has a capacity of 7,965MW, five times larger than its nearest rival.

The farm is currently only operating at 40% of its capacity, with a further 13,000MW to be installed leading to a grand total of 20,000MW (20GW) in 2020. This expansion is expected to cost $17.5bn.

United States – installed capacity 96.4GW

The US is in second place with 96.4GW of installed capacity and is particularly strong in onshore wind power.

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Image: Power Technology

Six of the largest 10 onshore windfarms are based in the US. These include the Alta Wind Energy Centre in California, the world’s second largest onshore wind farm with a capacity of 1,548MW, Shepherd’s Flat Wind Farm in Oregon (845MW) and Roscoe Wind Farm in Texas (781.5MW).

Germany – installed capacity 59.3GW

Germany has the highest installed wind capacity in Europe with 59.3GW. Its largest offshore windfarms are the Gode Windfarms (phase 1 & 2), which have a combined capacity of 582MW. Germany is also home to the Nordsee One Offshore Wind farm, which has a capacity of 382MW and provides energy for 400,000 homes.

According to Wind Europe, Europe installed 11.7GW of wind energy in 2018. Of this, Germany led the way with 29% of this capacity at a total of just under 3.4GW, with 2.4GW of this onshore and just under 1GW offshore.

India – installed capacity 35GW

India has the second highest wind capacity in Asia and is the only Asian country apart from China to make the list, with a total capacity of 35GW.

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Image: Power Technology

The country has the third and fourth largest onshore wind farms in the world, the Muppandal windfarm in Tamil Nadu, Southern India (1,500MW) and the Jaisalmer Wind Park in Rajasthan, Northern India (1,064MW).

The Indian government has set a target of installing 60GW of wind energy by 2022, with 25GW to be installed in the next three years.

Also read: Know more Denmark energy island in North Sea

Spain – installed capacity 23GW

Spain is a strong performer in wind energy, with a capacity of 23GW covering 18% of Spain’s electricity supply. The country is fifth in the world despite none of its onshore or offshore wind farms being in the top 20 largest by capacity.

The Spanish wind industry has actually been in a steep decline over the past few years. Just 104MW was added to its energy mix in 2016-2017 after nothing was added in 2015.

Jobs within the sector has also declined from around 41,500 in 2008 to around 22,500 people.

By Nilofar Naaz

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