Home Current Affairs Everything you wanted to know about Earth Overshoot Day

Everything you wanted to know about Earth Overshoot Day

The Earth Overshoot Day is the calculated illustrative calendar date on which humanity's resource consumption for the year exceeds Earth’s capacity to regenerate those resources that year.

July 29, 2021: Population explosion has marred the natural as well as the artificial resources to such an extent that in a century or so we would be battling our fellow humans for the primary requirements of food and water. The earth has its own limitations and boundaries in terms of nurturing its residents but the world population on a steep incline doesn’t compliment the lines of controls that our planet has. We have exceeded far more in numbers than the actual capacity of the planet and thus are surrounded by the attacks of shortages of all amenities and even the very pearl of life that is oxygen. We have failed to back the earth up and grant it the convenience of required time to replenish its resources that are the foundation of our very existence and sustenance on this planet. Earth Overshoot Day (EOD) is the calculated illustrative calendar date on which humanity’s resource consumption for the year exceeds Earth’s capacity to regenerate those resources that year.

Calculation of Earth Overshoot Day

Our consumption on the resources of the globe has been enhanced to such consequences that we have a day on which it is the estimated that by how much we have exceeded in our consumption in view of the sustaining capacity of the earth. The Earth Overshoot Day is thus   the calculated illustrative calendar date on which humanity’s resource consumption for the year exceeds Earth’s capacity to regenerate those resources that year.

EOD is calculated by dividing the world biocapacity (the amount of natural resources generated by Earth that year), by the world ecological footprint (humanity’s consumption of Earth’s natural resources for that year), and multiplying by 365 (366 in leap years), the number of days in a year.

Where and how did the concept of Earth Overshoot Day start

The concept of Earth Overshoot Day (EOD) was initiated by the UK based New Economics Foundation. Their partner organization the Global Footprint Network shoulders the noble duty of initiating a campaign every year in regarding creating awareness amongst the global citizens pertaining to excessive consumption of the resources of the planet compared to the renewal rate that our habitat currently exhibits.

We have been attacking the earth’s natural and voluntary resource renewal procedures since the 1970s and the number of days within which we enhance our demands in relation to the replenishing days has been on a steep decline since the estimation ever began.

Image: Twitter

For instance the World Overshoot Day in 1987 was October 23rd and in the 2021 it has shown an epic shift to July 29th.

These statistics are not only gloomy but also announce the threat that is sitting in the corner which would someday explode and the consequence being nothing but mass destruction.

The president of the Global Footprint Network has in his statements considered the COVID-19 pandemic a result of nature’s fury and ethically we don’t have evidences enough to deny the fact that we have been consuming and demanding a lot more than the planet can sustain.

Also read: Know the what’s and why’s of the International Tiger Day 2021

The evident consequences of overshooting

  • Pandemics and epidemics
  • Pollution
  • Declining forest and other natural resources
  • Struggle to sustain life
  • Improper distribution of resources

What can we do to refrain from the doom?

  • Population check
  • Refusal to unusual industrial development
  • Enhancing the natural conservation and cover
  • Maintenance of ecological balance

By: Shubham Kumar Nath


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