Dr Bhimrao Ambedkar, the revolutionary leader and the father of Indian Constitution, had passed away on 6th December in 1956 after a brief illness. The followers of Ambedkar observe this day as Mahaparinirvan Diwas. It is a day of jubilation for people who believe in equality, freedom, democracy and social justice.
The term parinirvan has a deep meaning in Buddhist traditions and refers to someone who has attained nirvana in his lifetime and after death.
Every year on December 6, his followers assemble at the Chaityabhoomi at Dadar in Mumbai to remember him and celebrate his legacy.
This year, the Brihanmumbai Municipal Corporation (BMC) would not allow his followers to visit the site to attend the celebration keeping in view the ongoing pandemic.
Hence the programmes at the Chaityabhoomi will be telecast live on Doordarshan and various social media channels instead.
Brief about Bhimrao Ambedkar:
Dr B.R. Ambedkar was born on April 14, 1891, in Madhya Pradesh, Ambedkar, and had done his education at Elphinstone College under Bombay University, Columbia University and then completed his Bar course from London School Of Economics.
He was a social reformer, economist, thinker, politician and the first Law Minister of Independent India.
He has contributed immensely in shaping the Directive Principles, the formulation of the Reservation system for the upliftment of the backward sections of the society, the voicing of the equal right of the Dalits Buddhist have earned him an irreplaceable position in Indian political history. The historic Poona Pact of 1932 was signed by him, which gave the Dalits a place in the general electoral list.
He published his book Annihilation Of Caste which vehemently criticised the then practice and laws regarding the untouchables and Dalits in 1956.
Dr BR Ambedkar was awarded the Bharat Ratna, the highest civilian honour of India, posthumously in 1990.
Also Read: Remembering Dr. Rajendra Prasad on his birth anniversary: A few lesser-known facts about the leader
15 Facts about Dr Bhimrao Ambedkar:
- Dr Babasaheb Ambedkar was the 14th and last child of his parents.
- Dr Babasaheb Ambedkar’s real surname was Ambawadekar. Mahadev Ambedkar, his teacher gave him Ambedkar surname in the school records.
- Dr Babasaheb Ambedkar was the first Indian to get a Doctorate (Ph.D.) degree in Economics from abroad.
- Dr Ambedkar is the only Indian whose statue is attached to Karl Marx in the London Museum.
- Babasaheb’s personal library “Rajgirh” consisted of more than 50,000 books and it was the world’s largest private library.
- The book Waiting for a visa written by Dr. Babasaheb is a textbook at Columbia University. Columbia University made a list of the world’s top 100 scholars in 2004 and the first name in that list was Dr Bhimrao Ambedkar.
- Dr Babasaheb Ambedkar was a master in 64 subjects. He had knowledge of 9 languages like Hindi, Pali, Sanskrit, English, French, German, Marathi, Persian, and Gujarati. Apart from this, he studied all the religions of the world in a comparative way for almost 21 years.
- Babasaheb completed eight years of studies in just two years and three months in London School of Economics. For this, he studied 21 hours a day
- Dr. Babasaheb Ambedkar’s initiation in Buddhism with his 8,50,000 supporters historically in the world, because it was the largest conversion in the world.
- Mahant Veer Chandramani, a great Buddhist monk who initiated Babasaheb to Buddhism, called him the Modern Buddha of this age.
- Babasaheb is the first and only person in the world to receive a valuable doctorate degree named Doctor All Science from the London School of Economics.
Many intelligent students have tried for it, but they have not been successful until now.
- Worldwide, the highest number of songs and books have been written in the name of the leader, Dr Babasaheb Ambedkar.
- Babasaheb was the first lawyer from backward class.
- Babasaheb has the largest number of statues in the world. His birth anniversary is also celebrated all over the world.
- Babasaheb was also a good painter, and made the first painting of Buddha in which Buddha’s eyes were opened. Before this all of the statues were closed eyes.